What is metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that raises your risk for heart disease and other health problems, or other health risks associated with being overweight or obese.
What are the 5 components of metabolic syndrome?
The five components of the metabolic syndrome that relate to CVD:
- abdominal obesity with waist circumference of >40 inches in men and 35 inches in women (lower by 5 in Asians),
- atherogenic dyslipidemia such as elevated Triglycerides of over 150 and
- low good cholesterol (HDL of <50),
- raised blood pressure or taking blood pressure medications,
- fasting blood sugar of 100 or more or a diagnosis of prediabetes or diabetes (or other signs of insulin resistance ± glucose intolerance, proinflammatory and prothrombotic states).
How is metabolic syndrome diagnosed?
Through a combination of physical exam and blood work
What are the ymptoms of metabolic syndrome?
Most of the metabolic risk factors have no signs or symptoms, although a large waistline is a visible sign.
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How common is metabolic syndrome?
One in three Americans currently meet the criteria for metabolic syndrome and another third have some early signs of insulin resistance which is a precursor to metabolic syndrome.
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