Binge eating disorder, as the name suggests, involves binges of eating where a person consumes large quantities of food in a short time frame followed by a feeling of guilt. Binge Eating Disorder is one of the common eating disorder similar to anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.
What are the features of Binge Eating Disorder?
A person with Binge Eating Disorder (BED), feels that they can’t control what or how much they are eating. This happens regularly, at least once a week for 3 months, and they feel they cannot control their eating.
What is the difference between Binge Eating Disorder and Bulimia Nervosa?
Unlike bulimia nervosa, periods of binge-eating are not followed by purging, excessive exercise, or fasting. As a result, people with binge-eating disorder often are overweight or obese. Binge-eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in the U.S.
What are the symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder?
The symptoms of BED include the following:
- Eating unusually large amounts of food in a specific amount of time
- Eating even when you’re full or not hungry
- Eating fast during binge episodes
- Eating until you’re uncomfortably full
- Eating alone or in secret to avoid embarrassment
- Feeling distressed, ashamed, or guilty about your eating
- Frequently dieting, possibly without weight loss
What are the risk factors for binge eating disorder?
Eating disorders are caused by a complex interaction of genetic, biological, behavioral, psychological, and social factors.
How do you treat binge eating disorder?
Adequate nutrition, reducing excessive exercise, and stopping purging behaviors are the foundations of treatment. Treatment plans are tailored to individual needs and may include one or more of the following:
- Individual, group, and/or family psychotherapy
- Medical care and monitoring
- Nutritional counseling
Can psychotherapies help with BED?
To reduce or eliminate binge-eating and purging behaviors, people may undergo cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which is another type of psychotherapy that helps a person learn how to identify distorted or unhelpful thinking patterns and recognize and change inaccurate beliefs.
Are there medications to treat BED?
Evidence also suggests that certain medication such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, or mood stabilizers approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may also be helpful for treating eating disorders and other co-occurring illnesses such as anxiety or depression.
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