The way people search on the internet is interesting – one of the common keywords for weight loss is www weight loss. Let us review what really helps with weight loss in this W8MD article. Obesity is a common and serious health problem affecting up to 39% of the adult population of the united states. Here are some questions and answers related to weight loss.
How do I know if I am overweight or obese?
The simplest way to know if you are weight or obese is to try one of the free online Body Mass Index Calculators.
- Underweight: BMI is less than 18.5.
- Normal weight: BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
- Overweight: BMI is 25 to 29.9.
- Obese: BMI is 30 or more.
How does my weight affect my health?
- Obesity affects over 50 different medical conditions including
- High blood pressure
- High LDL cholesterol
- low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
- Coronary heart disease
- Gallbladder disease
- Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)
- Sleep apnea and breathing problems
- Some cancers (endometrial, breast, colon, kidney, gallbladder, and liver)
- Low quality of life
- Mental illness such as clinical depression, anxiety, and other mental disorders
- Body pain and difficulty with physical functioning.
How can I find out if I am at increased health risk related to the distribution of weight?
Not all people that are overweight or obese are at the same health risk – some are considered being at higher risk compared to others based on the distribution of their body fat and weight.
Waist circumference (WC) is an indicator of health risk associated with excess fat around the waist. A waist circumference of 102 centimetres (40 inches) or more in men, or 88 centimetres (35 inches) or more in women, is associated with health problems such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure.
Can obesity increase risk of developing cancer?
Yes. Many types of cancers especially those of gastrointestinal and genitourinary cancer risk is increased with obesity.
There is evidence to show that higher amounts of body fat are associated with increased risks of a number of cancers, including:
- Endometrial cancer: Obese and overweight women are two to about four times as likely as normal-weight women to develop endometrial cancer (cancer of the lining of the uterus), and extremely obese women are about seven times as likely to develop the more common of the two main types of this cancer.
- Esophageal adenocarcinoma: People who are overweight or obese are about twice as likely as normal-weight people to develop a type of esophageal cancer called esophageal adenocarcinoma, and people who are extremely obese are more than four times as likely
- Gastric cardia cancer: People who are obese are nearly twice as likely as normal-weight people to develop cancer in the upper part of the stomach, that is, the part that is closest to the esophagus
- Liver cancer: People who are overweight or obese are up to twice as likely as normal-weight people to develop liver cancer. The association between overweight/obesity and liver cancer is stronger in men than women.
- Kidney cancer: People who are overweight or obese are nearly twice as likely as normal-weight people to develop renal cell cancer, the most common form of kidney cancer. The association of renal cell cancer with obesity is independent of its association with high blood pressure, a known risk factor for kidney cancer.
- Multiple myeloma: Compared with normal-weight individuals, overweight and obese individuals have a slight (10% to 20%) increase in the risk of developing multiple myeloma.
- Meningioma: The risk of this slow-growing brain tumor that arises in the membranes surrounding the brain and the spinal cord is increased by about 50% in people who are obese and about 20% in people who are overweight.
- Pancreatic cancer: People who are overweight or obese are about 1.5 times as likely to develop pancreatic cancer as normal-weight people.
- Colorectal cancer: People who are obese are slightly (about 30%) more likely to develop colorectal cancer than normal-weight people.A higher BMI is associated with increased risks of colon and rectal cancers in both men and in women, but the increases are higher in men than in women.
- Gallbladder cancer: Compared with normal-weight people, people who are overweight have a slight (about 20%) increase in risk of gallbladder cancer, and people who are obese have a 60% increase in risk of gallbladder cancer. The risk increase is greater in women than men.
- Breast cancer: Many studies have shown that, in postmenopausal women, a higher BMI is associated with a modest increase in risk of breast cancer. For example, a 5-unit increase in BMI is associated with a 12% increase in risk. Among postmenopausal women, those who are obese have a 20% to 40% increase in risk of developing breast cancer compared with normal-weight women. The higher risks are seen mainly in women who have never used menopausal hormone therapy and for tumors that express hormone receptors. Obesity is also a risk factor for breast cancer in men.In premenopausal women, by contrast, overweight and obesity have been found to be associated with a 20% decreased risk of breast tumors that express hormone receptors.
- Ovarian cancer: Higher BMI is associated with a slight increase in the risk of ovarian cancer, particularly in women who have never used menopausal hormone therapy. For example, a 5-unit increase in BMI is associated with a 10% increase in risk among women who have never used menopausal hormone therapy.
- Thyroid cancer: Higher BMI (specifically, a 5-unit increase in BMI) is associated with a slight (10%) increase in the risk of thyroid cancer.
Do I have a health problem that is causing me to be overweight?
Some medical problems can contribute to weight gain such as insulin resistance, hypothyroidism, certain medications, especially psychiatric medications etc can increase your chances of being overweight o obese.
What is insulin resistance?
Insulin resistance is when cells in your muscles, fat, and liver don’t respond well to insulin and can’t easily take up glucose from your blood. As a result, your pancreas makes more insulin to help glucose enter your cells. As long as your pancreas can make enough insulin to overcome your cells’ weak response to insulin, your blood glucose levels will stay in the healthy range.
What is prediabetes?
Prediabetes means your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes usually occurs in people who already have some insulin resistance or whose beta cells in the pancreas aren’t making enough insulin to keep blood glucose in the normal range. Without enough insulin, extra glucose stays in your bloodstream rather than entering your cells. Over time, you could develop type 2 diabetes.
How common is prediabetes?
More than 84 million people ages 18 and older have prediabetes in the United States. That’s about 1 out of every 3 adults.
How can I find out if I am insulin resistant?
You can use the free insulin resistance calculator from W8MD – just answer a few simple questions and find out if you have insulin resistance.
How will losing weight help me?
- People with obesity who reduced their weight by 5% had improvements in metabolic function in many tissues, including fat, liver, and muscle.
- Further weight loss of 10 to 15% resulted in some additional improvements.
What is a healthy weight for me?
A body mass index of between 18-24.99 is considered within normal limits. The key to achieving and maintaining a healthy weight isn’t about short-term dietary changes. It’s about a lifestyle that includes healthy eating, regular physical activity.
How much weight do I need to lose?
Check the BMI using the free BMI calculator and find out how much weight you might need to lose.
How long should it take me to lose weight?
An average weight loss of about 2-3 pounds per week is reasonable although even slower rate of weight loss of 1-2 lbs a week is still very reasonable.
What are healthy ways to lose weight and keep it off?
The healthiest way to lose weight is a reduced calorie diet and increased physical activity.
How can I change my eating habits?
Work with a trained professional such as an obesity medicine physician or nutritionist to help you with this.
What kinds of physical activity do I need to do?
Recommend about 30-60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity although it depends on your physical condition. Talk to your doctor about this.
Are there any kinds of physical activity I need to avoid because of my health conditions?
It depends but try to do more cardio instead of weight lifting. Talk to your doctor about it.
How can W8MD’s insurance weight loss program help?
If you are overweight or obese, have tried many fad diets and need the help of a trained and experienced weight loss physician, you may want to consider W8MD – we specialize in physician supervised, non surgical weight loss with FDA approved treatments.
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W8MD’s insurance physician weight loss program is unique in many ways with a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach to weight loss that addresses all the complex issues leading to weight gain, both in adults and children. Since its inception in 2011, W8MD has successfully helped thousands of patients succeed in not only losing weight but also keep it off with an ongoing maintenance plan.